"Scamp" Porter's Gordini Modifications carried out for South African Saloon Car Sprint Racing, 1966-69.
Body, ChassisRenault homologated fender spats (4" and 2") attached to front and rear wheel fenders
Use of widened 13" delta-mic composite wheels, approx 6" front, up to 8" in rear
Fitting of a front radiator in the spare wheel well, allowing air to exit through luggage boot.
Shaving Gordini front brake caliper where contacted by 13" wheels.
The brake booster was thrown out as reaction time was too delayed.
DS11 brake pads on Gordini rotors.
Bending front stub axles to give 1.5 degrees negative camber.(Later cars used bent Gordini stub axles, which proved superior under Rally conditions - thicker - though there were no failures of standard ones
Bending steering arms to remove bounce steer.
Quick ratio 1.5 turns lock to lock (Pierre Ferry) steering pinion and offset bushings,
(re-centralising spring discarded)
1" steel anti roll bar fabricated to original shape and opened out mounts.
Front springs cut approx 1.25 coils (extended track automatically lowers car)
Discarding of rear brake pressure regulator for superior rear braking performance.
Use of lighter standard R8 rear crossmember with single shock absorbers
Rear R8 springs cut approx 1.5 coils, to allow for 4.5 degrees negative camber.
De Carbon gas shocks (perhaps from Dauphine).
Specially fabricated rear axle shafts with larger diameter wheel carrying spigots to accept larger wheel bearings. (With all the extra grip and racing tyre technology, snapping axles were the weakest link)
Plexiglass side and rear windows as allowed by regulations (Internal roll cages were either not thought up yet, or not allowed by FIA regulations)
Hanging the standard oil cooler in the air stream
Some lightening, as with removal of extra headlights ( R8s did no come so equipped) bumpers, spare wheel
Full seat belt harness and extra side bolstered driver's seat.
As much as the wide track, 13" wheels and large anti-roll bar contributed to the handling, modifying the cooling system assisted and stabilized the engine performance. Regulations allowed certain radiator alterations, to strict height limits. So the standard radiator was hung at an angle in the front spare-wheel well with ducting and routing along the heater hose hoses.
Ducts and passages were cut behind rear inner fenders to allow cool air to the motor area. A large longitudinal divider was fabricated to seal off hot air from exhaust to intake side of the motor, and intake air routed to the carburetters from the hood louvers. Original under-engine air ducting out from engine retained where possible.
Gearbox and Drive
Gordini 5 speed with optional 7/32(4.57) ring gear and pinion ratio.
4 Pinion gears in differential rearranged so that two opposite ones intermeshed and prevented all rotation (locking up diff)
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th gears specially fabricated to allow closer ratios between 2nd to 5th to keep engine under a better part of the power curve.
Major Engine Alterations
Use of basic 1135 (1255cc) engine, components lightened and polished where possible
French Alpine Engineering Gordini 1297cc pistons (75.7mm)
Engine block and sleeves machined 1mm to cater for piston machining and allow higher compression.
Pistons valve cutouts machined and smoothly bevelled to cope with high lift cam, shortened block, larger valves and early intake cam timing.
Large Gordini oil pan double baffled to prevent surge in corners
Smaller Alconi crank pulley, removed engine fan
Lightened flywheel and fabricated sintered brass twin plate clutch
45mm Weber carburators with 36mm primary venturis
Fabricated 4 into 2 into 1 exhaust system of 1.5" by 16" primary, 1.625 by 24" secondary,
and 1.75 by 34" final length, underbody parts wrapped in asbestos! tape to limit under bonnet heat.
(4 into 1 exhaust was tried but results were disappointing - perhaps gear ratios were not close enough)
Huge plastic separation plates to isolate exhaust/engine heat from intake, and carefully sealed ducts and covers to allow intake to obtain air from engine lid louvres
Isky/Alconi phased camshaft of 7.3mm lift, 285 degrees duration, intake 42 -63, exhaust 75 - 30 degrees. Because a reground camshaft has a reduced base circle, post-camfollower reliefs in the block had to be deepened to allow the skew pushrods clearance.
Valve clearance 0.45mm.
Cylinder Head Upgrades
Fitting of shortened 39.1mm AJS/Matchless motorcycle intake valves, intake guides reamed to 7.14mm (AJS/Matchless 9/32 valve stem diameter)
Use of Gordini 35mm intake valves as exhausts
Fiat 1500 heavy duty valve springs manufactures by British Terry Company.
The head was quite delicate and very expensive, and had to be treated especially carefully.
Fabricated and fitted large brass or iron valve inserts always looked good, but, due to the Gordini designed cavity under the spark plug, the head in that area seemed to overheat, and was prone to small cracks and movement, so this was always a suspect condition requiring careful inspection, because it could cause an expensive engine failure. (Many standard Gordini heads also suffered from these cracks but we can't recall ever seeing a dropped valve insert)
Opening the under valve ports to blend to the large valves, and seating the valves low in their seats, one of the most important flow areas and secrets for obtaining the best engine horsepower. This shaping, even today, sorts the superior horsepower heads from the mediocre.
Valve guides had to be shortened under the spring area to allow for the high (about 10.5mm) valve lift.
Because of this, the high revs and quick lift, guide wear became unacceptable. Adding 2 extra lubrication holes at inner valve spring seat, through into the guide solved this wear problem.
Together, with all moving parts lightened and polished, the rpm limit was upped to about 8600-8800,
which was considered adequate at the time. However, it must be stressed that just one over rev or missed gear change could destroy the engine. There were no safeguards, so the drivers in general used only 8000-8200rpm through the gears, and allowed the engine to pull more in top gear only, if the straight was long enough!
Ignition advance altered to give 10 degrees static advance, maximum of 26 degrees at 3000 rpm
One difficulty that was not solved, was the tendency of the timing chain tensioner to strip its ratcheting device every race. The camshaft design probably contributed to this peculiarity. It never caused any other collateral damage, but was not overcome, although an experiment using Dauphine cam drive gears in the system instead was under way. The problem was blamed for a deterioration of about 3/10 seconds in lap times well into every race.
Looking back at the results, these accomplishments look less than astonishing today.
However, it must be born in mind that Karl Benz, Daimler, Rudolf Diesel, Chevrolet, Peugeot, Louis Renault, Enzo Ferrari, Colin Chapman, even Galileo and the Wright Brothers were all enthusiastic pioneers, using only the really amateur tools at their disposal to make the admirable breakthroughs of their day.
As Carl Sagan expressed so eloquently, all the talented and energetic geniuses of today were able to stand on the shoulders of the originators and developers and see further.